Health

Know it all about IVF

Punjab News Express | February 28, 2019 11:55 AM

In Vitro Fertilization or IVF, is a widely known and practised form of Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART). The process of In Vitro Fertilization includes a combination of medicines and surgical procedures to facilitate the process of Fertilization (which includes mplantation) in a female's uterus.

The main focus of In-Vitro fertilization is to help couples overcome various types of fertility-related issues that stop them from conceiving and thereby hindering their childbearing wishes. The process of IVF involves the following steps or procedures, although based on the clinical rules and regulations, there can be a few minor changes. However, the basic procedure remains similar for all:

Step 1: Ovulation Induction: before and during the in vitro fertilization process, the fertility specialist will monitor the ovaries and the timing of the egg release. The doctor will make sure that the ovaries are producing eggs, and that the hormone levels of the mother are normal, among other procedures. Most women take fertility medicines or hormones at this time to stimulate the ovaries to produce one or more eggs. Having several eggs available for IVF will increase the chances for a woman to become pregnant. If one cannot produce any eggs, considering a donor or a surrogate mother is an alternative option.

Step 2: Egg Retrieval- During this step in the IVF process, pain medication is given to reduce any discomfort. After which a very thin needle is passed through the upper vaginal wall. With the use of vaginal ultrasound, fluid is removed from the follicles under gentle suction and immediately after aspiration of the follicle; the oocyte (egg) is isolated from the follicular fluid. The egg is then placed in a culture dish containing nutrient media and then transferred to the incubator.

Step 3: Fertilization- The next step of the IVF process is the fertilization of the egg. A sperm sample is secured, from the partner (in case the partner's sperm is infertile, then a donor would be required), and the most active sperm is mixed with the egg in a special chamber. Sometimes the sperm is directly injected into the egg. Then, the sperm and egg are placed in an incubator and monitored to make sure that a healthy embryo develops.

Step 4: Embryo Transfer and Implantation- The final step of the IVF process where the focus is to transfer the embryo. First, the embryos are examined to select the healthiest ones for transfer. To transfer the embryo(s), a speculum is placed into the vagina and the embryo(s) are transferred through a small plastic tube placed through the cervix into the uterine cavity.  After the IVF process is complete, bed rest is often advised for around 24 hours.

The city of Chandigarh, with its well-developed infrastructure and relatively low population density, covers more than half of the union territory. Among the city’s principal industries are electronics, pharmaceuticals, ceramic plumbing fixtures, and electrical appliances.

A very well developing city, Chandigarh surely has a lot to offer to couples seeking help for fertility related issues. You can find best fertility centres in Chandigarh that can be helpful to you. With some patience and luck, one can easily deal with infertility, as Chandigarh has a lot to offer in this field.

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