Chandigarh

Draft of Master plan-2031 prepared, sent to Delhi for review

July 04, 2012 10:47 AM

By Y.S. RANA
CHANDIGARH : At last the Master Plan-2031 may see the light of the day as the draft has been prepared and sent to Delhi for review. A few months ago, a meeting was held between a team of Urban Development Ministry, Government of India and the senior officials of the Chandigarh Administration, Punjab and Haryana.

The team has taken the Administration to task on the matter of Master Plan and advised the governments of Punjab and Haryana to change their respective master plans syne with Chandigarh inter-state integrated plan for Tricity.

Demographic data indicates that between 1961-71, the city population has increased at the rate of 144.59 per cent, in 1981 it grew by 75.55 per cent followed by 42.16 per cent in 1991 and 40.33 per cent in 2001 and 25 per cent by 2016. At present, city has about 12 lakh population with 7.30 lakh registered vehicles. By 2021 the population of City is projected around 19.5 lakh, almost four times the population for that it was built by Le Corbusier.

Demographic data indicates that between 1961-71, the city population has increased at the rate of 144.59 per cent, in 1981 it grew by 75.55 per cent followed by 42.16 per cent in 1991 and 40.33 per cent in 2001 and 25 per cent by 2016. At present, city has about 12 lakh population with 7.30 lakh registered vehicles. By 2021 the population of City is projected around 19.5 lakh, almost four times the population for that it was built by Le Corbusier.

There would be no space to accommodate rising population as city has left with only 4.17 sq. km vacant land. “There is a shortage of 30 dispensaries, seven polyclinics, four nursing homes, 347 nursery school and 145 primary schools, if we place the population of the city at nine lakh,” said a member of the committee.

A senior official of the Chandigarh Administration when contacted said, ”City is on ventilator. We are only providing oxygen not to revive the body but just to keep it alive.” City would have no space to accommodate the rising population. Pressures and demands would be there for health, drinking water, power, education, transportation and quality of life, he added.

There would not enough drinking water and power to meet demand and not enough sewerage treatment plants to eat up the sewage the city generates. At present, 56.25 million gallons of sewage is generated in the city per day. Out of which 45 million gallons is treated at Phase VIII Mohali and the rest at other treatment plants in the city per day.

City’s daily demand for water stands at 285 LPCD (litres per capita per day) gets piped water from Kajauli water works through an extensive network of pipelines. It is still facing a water shortage of 29 MGD (million gallons per day) but far less its demand. City needs 40 MGD more water by 2016. By 2031 it will need around 800 million litres of water per day. At present, scarcity of water is estimated around 1045 lakh litres per day, Municipal Corporation sources disclosed.

Besides, a fragile demand-supply equation, the present power demand is between 276-320 MW against the allocation of 220 MW from central generating power stations. At present, there are 1,97,544 power connections in Chandigarh. More than 1,000 mws of power would be required daily by 2018 to avoid power famine in the city.

From 150 mw per day in 2004, power demand has gone up to 318 mw. And per capita power consumption in Chandigarh has risen to 1,500 units which is almost hundred per cent more than the neighbouring States. But there was no mega augmentation of water supply scheme while ground water level in Chandigarh and neighbouring States is depleting.

On one hand, the urban footprint is expanding at an impressive pace, led by an army of private developers in the periphery of Chandigarh because of rapid population pressure, on the other hand, globalization set asides the legacy of Corbusier and Dr M.S. Randhawa.

This led to a situation where like other cities, Chandigarh is also bursting at its seams as much with population as it is with various problems. City grapples with myriad issues of water, power, cleanliness, health services and education so on. More than 20 per cent children are living in city’s slums, highest in the country and there are 18 slums colonies.

V.C. Sharma, Superintending Archaeologist, said, “When there is free for all and rules are violated from top to bottom one cannot hope of any solution,” he said.

“We have discarded the legacy of great visionary like Dr M.S. Randhawa and Le Corbusier. What Dr Randhawa did in three years of his stint here, Administration could not do in 30 years,” said M.N. Sharma, former Chief Architect, Chandigarh.

Will the Master Plan a panacea for the City, one has to wait for years?

 

 
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